November 27, 2021

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The World Live Breaking News Coverage & Updates IN ENGLISH

Centre asks laggard states to expedite notification of PESA

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Centre asks laggard states to expedite notification of PESA
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Centre asks laggard states to expedite notification of PESA
Centre asks laggard states to expedite notification of PESA

NEW DELHI: Taking serious view of their delay, the Centre has asked Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Odisha — the four states that account for a significant part of India’s tribal population — to expedite notification and implementation of the rules of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act 1996 (PESA), that will complete 25 years in December this year.
The ministry of panchayati raj (MoPR) is planing to write to the states to rid the hurdles and notify the rules over the next few months. The provisions of the Pesa Act seeks to empower local self – governments in the Schedule V areas of the country to help safeguard and preserve the traditions and customs of the tribal communities.
The draft model Pesa rules had been circulated by (MoPR) in 2009 to the 10 Pesa states. Six states — Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Telangana — have notified their state Pesa rules. The remaining four (Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha) on Thursday informed the ministries of panchayati raj and tribal affairs that they are in the process of considering these rules of implementation.
The update of the challenges being faced was shared by them at the national conference organised by these ministries to review Pesa implementation and measures to enhance welfare of tribals.
Minister of rural development and panchayati raj, Giriraj Singh and tribal affairs minister Arjun Munda made it clear that there was no scope for any further delay. At the conference, both ministers said that if required they will take up this matter with the governors, chief ministers and ministers of these four states. The deliberations and outcomes of this conference will be placed at the minister-level conference, proposed to be held in January next year.
The tribal affairs minister asserted the need for a convergence model for schemes of the ministries of panchayati raj, tribal affairs and environment, forest and climate change that apply to tribals. Outlining the spirit of Pesa, Munda said, “Pesa seeks to protect the principle of Jal, Jungle , Jameen (Water, forest and land) for the tribals. The strengthening and empowerment of the Gram Sabhas is imperative under Pesa.” He also stressed upon the need to prevent land alienation of tribals for which a well organised data base must be maintained and the need for convergence between Pesa and the execution of the Forest Rights Act.
Singh said that while preparing the gram panchayat development plan (GPDP), they should create a new model of development for the tribal community through convergence.

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